In humanitarian response, practitioners often use humanitarian standards and sector-specific guidelines to standardize the planning, implementation, and evaluation of programming. While there have been some analysis of humanitarian standards and guidance, to our knowledge there has been no comprehensive review that analyzes existing humanitarian standards and guidance documents to identify alignment with ECD. To fill this gap, this study reviews 15 existing humanitarian standards and guidance documents and assesses the extent to which early childhood interventions and the needs of infants, young children, and caregivers are included.
This analysis summarises the situation of young children across several policy areas impacting their development. It is based on data collected from nine European countries and consolidated in nine country profiles. It draws attention towards four key findings across policy areas impacting ECD and priorities for policy-making and investment in early childhood at the European and country level.
This report summarizes the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on nurturing care for early childhood development based on the latest available data and proposes priority actions and interventions required to safeguard this critical period and ensure children’s optimal development during the COVID-19 pandemic. The report also showcases UNICEF Country Office initiatives supporting early childhood development across the five components of nurturing care.
In light of COVID-19 restrictions, USAID Momentum and its implementing partners needed to modify delivery of the ‘First Steps Intera za Mbere’ programme, which enables caregivers with children aged 3 years and under to promote nurturing care. Following a phone survey to understand caregiver attitudes, knowledge and practices, they adapted the programme to be delivered via radio. This brief describes the adaptation process.
‘Reach Up and Learn’ is a home visiting program that supports caregivers of children 0-3 years old in 18 countries. In response to the Syrian refugee crisis, the International Rescue Committee (IRC) adapted this model to train refugee and host community workers on how to promote opportunities for early learning and responsive caregiving in visits to caregivers of young children in Syria, Lebanon and Jordan.
The WHO has commissioned a systematic review and meta-analysis of 102 randomized controlled trials of parenting interventions for children during the first 3 years of life that were implemented across a total of 33 countries. Among the findings, the review found greater effects on child cognitive development, parenting knowledge, parenting practices, and parent–child interactions for programs that focused on responsive caregiving compared to those that did not.
This report highlights examples of the International Rescue Committee’s ECD programming during the COVID-19 pandemic, including brief summaries of programmes in Pakistan, the Middle East and Africa. The report’s main focus is on Bangladesh where IRC worked with in-country partners to support pregnant and lactating women living in Cox’s Bazar refugee camps and surrounding communities with raising healthy and thriving infants.
Starting in 2018, the United Nations’ Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and local partners took advantage of the growing interest in strengthening support for investment in ECD as part of Peru’s public policy agenda. This case study describes how the Care for Child Development approach was used at national and local levels, specifically how it was adapted for use in Peru’s Growth and Development Check-ups Programme (CRED in Spanish).
This study was a two-arm, randomized controlled trial set in high volume, public tertiary care units in Ghana, India, Malawi, Nigeria, and Tanzania. The babies in the immediate kangaroo mother care group started the intervention as soon as possible after birth and got an average of 17 hours per day in the Mother-Newborn ICU. In the control group, kangaroo mother care was started only after the baby was stable, with babies receiving KMC on an average of 1.5 hours per day while in the neonatal ICU. After clinically stable, babies in both the study groups received kangaroo mother care (about 19 hours/day) as recommended by WHO guidelines.
The authors describe the process of selecting nurturing care indicators at the municipal level from existing routine information systems to develop the Brazilian Early Childhood Friendly Index (IMAPI).
The ‘Responsive Interactions for Learning’ course aims to develop practitioners´ understanding of responsive interactions and increase their ability to coach these interactions with caregivers. This blog post describes how the course was developed, where it has been used (Canada, Chile, Brazil), and learnings.
This short animated video, the third in a series focusing on self-care interventions during COVID-19, includes tips on how caregivers/parents can relieve some of their own stress from COVID-19 and use every day activities to continue emotionally connected, attentive and responsive to their child’s needs. The video is based WHO guidance on early childhood development and responsive caregiving. This video was produced by PMNCH, UNICEF, and WHO and created by Studio Eeksaurus with support from Medical Aid Films. It is available in all six UN languages.
Maniza Ntekim, Conseillère Régionale, Développement de la petite enfance, UNICEF, explore comment soutenir de manière systématique le développement précoce et les soins répondants aux besoins avec des exemples de pays de la région du sud est africain.
Sheila Manji, Spécialiste du développement de la petite enfance, Le Partenariat pour la santé de la mère, du nouveau-né et de l’enfant, examine de plus près ces deux composantes des soins attentifs. Elle décrit ces 2 composantes ainsi que donne des exemples pour expliquer comment les promouvoir dans les services existants.
This case study describes how the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) worked with national and local stakeholders in the Syrian public health system, and in particular the Child Wellbeing programme.
Reliable and valid indicators to assess responsive caregiving and early learning activities are few. To fill this gap, two new indicators have been developed in support of programme implementation. These indicators need to be validated before they can be recommended widely.
This course helps you to design sustainable and culturally relevant parenting programmes that are responsive to the issues or problems in children’s development and well-being in your context. By taking this course, you will be able to prioritise issues in children’s development and define the changes you want to see in parents, make decisions about how to deliver a programme, and start to develop strategies and content for your parenting programme.
This course is a resource for parents or those who work with parents of young children to support them to provide brain-building experiences and nurturing care. You’ll gain an understanding of who the caregivers of young children are in your context. It will help you to better understand how the life experiences, environment, relationships, and beliefs of parents shape the kind of opportunities, care, and support a parent is able to provide his or her child. Knowing this will help the parent and those who work with parents to support them to overcome challenges.
In 2016, the Government of Ghana reaffirmed its commitment to ensuring children in the first 1000 days had every opportunity to survive and thrive. To this end, the Government of Ghana dedicated personnel and put in place coordinating mechanisms to ensure all children received nurturing care from birth. This brief describes the actions taken in the health sector between 2016 and 2019, championed by the Government of Ghana, to elevate attention to and services for children aged 0-3 years.
This series considers new scientific evidence for interventions, building on the findings and recommendations of two previous Lancet series on child development (2007, 2011), and proposes pathways for implementation of early childhood development at scale. The series emphasises ‘nurturing care’, especially for children below three years of age, and multi-sectoral interventions starting with health, which can have wide reach to families and young children through health and nutrition.