This paper finds considerable inconsistency in guidance documents from 33 countries regarding breastfeeding and newborn care. None of the guidance documents reviewed recommended all aspects of WHO guidance. In this paper, health care providers from 62 countries share their experiences of caring for small and sick newborns during the COVID.-19 pandemic.
This document, along with a 9-page brief, describes the implementation experiences and emerging lessons of COVID-19 response strategies of seven programmes that prioritize nurturing care and early childhood development. The case studies include a wide range of geographic contexts and the programmes address at least one of three components of nurturing care: responsive caregiving, opportunities for early learning, and safety and security. The seven programmes are: Associazione 21 Luglio (Italy); Ummeed Child Development Center (India); Nobody’s Perfect Parenting Programme (Canada); Kangaroo Foundation (Colombia); International Rescue Committee & Sesame Workshop [Ahlan Simsim programme] (Jordan); Parenting for Lifelong Health [MaPa programme] (Philippines); and PATH Mozambique.
This report and the associated 4-page brief synthesizes the results of searches on two databases, an extensive collection of grey literature, and 112 scholarly and scientific studies from more than 30 countries on nurturing care for young children during the COVID-19 crisis.