In humanitarian response, practitioners often use humanitarian standards and sector-specific guidelines to standardize the planning, implementation, and evaluation of programming. While there have been some analysis of humanitarian standards and guidance, to our knowledge there has been no comprehensive review that analyzes existing humanitarian standards and guidance documents to identify alignment with ECD. To fill this gap, this study reviews 15 existing humanitarian standards and guidance documents and assesses the extent to which early childhood interventions and the needs of infants, young children, and caregivers are included.
This analysis summarises the situation of young children across several policy areas impacting their development. It is based on data collected from nine European countries and consolidated in nine country profiles. It draws attention towards four key findings across policy areas impacting ECD and priorities for policy-making and investment in early childhood at the European and country level.
The WHO has commissioned a systematic review and meta-analysis of 102 randomized controlled trials of parenting interventions for children during the first 3 years of life that were implemented across a total of 33 countries. Among the findings, the review found greater effects on child cognitive development, parenting knowledge, parenting practices, and parent–child interactions for programs that focused on responsive caregiving compared to those that did not.
This study was a two-arm, randomized controlled trial set in high volume, public tertiary care units in Ghana, India, Malawi, Nigeria, and Tanzania. The babies in the immediate kangaroo mother care group started the intervention as soon as possible after birth and got an average of 17 hours per day in the Mother-Newborn ICU. In the control group, kangaroo mother care was started only after the baby was stable, with babies receiving KMC on an average of 1.5 hours per day while in the neonatal ICU. After clinically stable, babies in both the study groups received kangaroo mother care (about 19 hours/day) as recommended by WHO guidelines.
The authors describe the process of selecting nurturing care indicators at the municipal level from existing routine information systems to develop the Brazilian Early Childhood Friendly Index (IMAPI).
This paper proposes a comprehensive, multisectoral, multilevel lifecourse conceptualisation of human capital development by building on the Nurturing Care Framework.
This paper explores the experiences of neonatal health care providers caring for small and sick newborns during the COVID-19 pandemic. An online survey in three languages was used to collect data on COVID-19 preparedness, effects on health personnel and on newborn care services, including kangaroo mother care, as well as disruptors and solutions. There were 1120 responses from 62 countries, mainly low and middle-income countries.
This paper finds considerable inconsistency in guidance documents from 33 countries regarding breastfeeding and newborn care. None of the guidance documents reviewed recommended all aspects of WHO guidance. In this paper, health care providers from 62 countries share their experiences of caring for small and sick newborns during the COVID.-19 pandemic.
Reliable and valid indicators to assess responsive caregiving and early learning activities are few. To fill this gap, two new indicators have been developed in support of programme implementation. These indicators need to be validated before they can be recommended widely.
This document, along with a 9-page brief, describes the implementation experiences and emerging lessons of COVID-19 response strategies of seven programmes that prioritize nurturing care and early childhood development. The case studies include a wide range of geographic contexts and the programmes address at least one of three components of nurturing care: responsive caregiving, opportunities for early learning, and safety and security. The seven programmes are: Associazione 21 Luglio (Italy); Ummeed Child Development Center (India); Nobody’s Perfect Parenting Programme (Canada); Kangaroo Foundation (Colombia); International Rescue Committee & Sesame Workshop [Ahlan Simsim programme] (Jordan); Parenting for Lifelong Health [MaPa programme] (Philippines); and PATH Mozambique.
This report and the associated 4-page brief synthesizes the results of searches on two databases, an extensive collection of grey literature, and 112 scholarly and scientific studies from more than 30 countries on nurturing care for young children during the COVID-19 crisis.
In an article published in 2016 by the World Economic Form, Linda M. Richter, Director of the DST-NRF Centre of Excellence in Human Development at the University of the Witwaterstrand, argues that low-cost interventions which facilitate and support nurturing care for infants in their first years of life contribute to lifelong health, wellbeing and productivity. The economic benefits of these interventions far outweigh the investment costs. “Simply put, we need to intervene earlier than we currently do.”
This interactive country profile, developed by the Early Childhood Development team, uses secondary sources to compile national data alongside information on national policies and programs to highlight both the needs and opportunities for promoting optimal child development in Kenya. This profile complements the Countdown to 2030 Country profiles for early childhood development.
This interactive country profile, developed by the Early Childhood Development team, uses secondary sources to compile national data alongside information on national policies and programs to highlight both the needs and opportunities for promoting optimal child development in Rwanda. This profile complements the Countdown to 2030 Country profiles for early childhood development.
This interactive country profile, developed by the Early Childhood Development team, uses secondary sources to compile national data alongside information on national policies and programs to highlight both the needs and opportunities for promoting optimal child development in Uganda. This profile complements the Countdown to 2030 Country profiles for early childhood development.
Within three years, Ethiopia’s Ministry of Health, alongside other sectors, developed a multisectoral approach to contextualize and operationalize the nurturing care agenda. This case study underscores the importance of consistent leadership and a harmonized vision to seed nurturing care at all levels and across sectors. The case study sets out the process followed in developing a vision shared by different sectors and stakeholders, assigning roles and responsibilities, developing strategic and operational plans, and building capacity to implement effective interventions at national and regional (i.e. subnational) levels.
This 2020 collection of “Country Profiles for Early Childhood Development” has been developed by UNICEF in collaboration with Countdown to 2030 Women’s, Children’s and Adolescent’s Health. The profiles are an attempt to compile, in one place, the available data for country and cross-country monitoring and to provide a baseline against which progress can be monitored.
As custodian agency of SDG indicator 4.2.1 on ECD, UNICEF was tasked to lead the development of a new measure to track progress against the related target. In response, in 2015 UNICEF initiated a process of methodological development that involved extensive consultations with experts, partner agencies and national statistical authorities. This led to the development of the ECDI2030. This captures the achievement of key developmental milestones by children between the ages of 24 and 59 months. Mothers or primary caregivers are asked 20 questions about the way their children behave in certain everyday situations, and the skills and knowledge they have acquired.
The 2020 Country Profiles for Early Childhood Development were launched on 23 November 2020. In this commentary in The Lancet, the authors share what can be found in the 2020 profiles. They also reflect on the progress and challenges with respect to understanding how children are faring worldwide.
This collection of country profiles has been developed by UNICEF in collaboration with Countdown to 2030 Women’s, Children’s and Adolescent’s Health. The profiles are an attempt to compile, in one place, the available data for country and cross-country monitoring and to provide a baseline against which progress can be monitored. The 2020 country profiles cover 42 ECD indicators and 197 countries, including 60 high-income countries (HICs), that encompass 99·8% of the world’s children younger than 5 years.